HYPOSALIVATION

 

  • Symptoms of xerostomia.


   It refers to excessive dryness of the mouth due to the absence or insufficient saliva production. The 2 types of dry mouth include:
◦ The hyposialia (reduced salivary flow)
◦ The asialia (lack of saliva flow).

  • Causes of hyposalivation.


◦ Drug therapy (more than 400 drugs mention a  reduction in  saliva production as a  potential side effect:

  antihistamines,decongestants, antidepressants, diuretics are amongst the groups of drugs that can cause this

  effect along with drugs that treat high blood pressure and muscle spasms)
◦ Age,
◦ Sjogren's syndrome (an autoimmune disease that causes loss of secretory function of saliva and tears, the

  population ratio is 9 females to 1 male)
◦ Radiotherapy,
◦ Dental and Oral Surgery,
◦ Poorly controlled diabetes,
◦ But in 1 of 5 cases, the cause of dry mouth is not found.

  • Consequences of hyposalivation:


◦ Persistent discomfort, burning sensation and the frequent desire to moisten the mouth by drinking water, for

  example,
◦ Difficulty in eating normally, the need for a liquid to help them to chew and swallow food. A particular

  intolerance to spicy foods can happen,
◦ These difficulties can even lead to repeated choking and poor nutrition, People who wear denture can be  left

   with a high number of minor injuries, in the mouth due to friction,
◦ Speech may be unclear due to the difficulty in forming certain consonants. 
◦ Impaired oral hygiene often occurs in sufferers.
◦ Saliva production is at its lowest at night and sleep disruptions are often reported (even in the case of mouth

  breathing).

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